FREN 2500 Qu'est-ce que la littérature? (4 Credits) 

Introduction to critical analysis and appreciation of French and Francophone literary texts. Critical examination and questioning of the conventionally recognized literary genres of fiction, poetry, and theater. This course counts toward the Analytical Inquiry: Society and Culture requirement. Prerequisite: FREN 2400 or equivalent. 

FREN 2501 La Nature et les animaux (4 Credits)

Nature and animals: as seen, imagined, and understood by humans. Literature has long made plants, landscapes, birds, and other animals into part of a human story. Through readings of French and Francophone literary texts, we will reflect on the various relationships that we construct with animals and nature. Works studied may include fables where animals serve to voice social values (La Fontaine) and poetry in which natural elements are symbolic of human concerns. But other works in this course will take a different approach: confusing or toppling the "normal" places occupied by humans and animals. Our discussions will occasionally touch on contemporary issues of environmental concern. This course many be taken in addition to other courses in the 25-series. This course counts toward the Analytical Inquiry: Society and Culture requirement. Prerequisite: FREN 2400 or its equivalent. 

FREN 2502 La France et ses autres mondes (4 Credits)

In Les Petits garçons naissent aussi des étoiles (1988), a humoristic novel which retraces the history of an anonymous African country from colonization to its present days, Emmanuel Dongala’s narrator relates: “[t]hey ruled over us, ran the country, exploited us, taught us their language, sent us to their schools, gave us new ancestors called Gauls. That’s why we still speak French, love French food, and still like to spend our vacations in France, even if these days it is easier to get visa to the moon than to that country.” This seminar reexamines these well captured relations in Dongala’s novel between France and its “other” worlds. How and why has France built and maintained its empire in Africa, Asia and the Americas? How do the leaders of the Francophone world cope with the politics of hegemony put in place by the (ex)rulers? How do the former question and reject the latter in their quest for self-affirmation and nation building before, during and after independence? Our wide range of Pan-Francophone textual and filmic selection from prominent writers and filmmakers such as Aimé Césaire, Patrice Lumumba, Sékou Touré, Christiane Taubira, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Kim Lefèvre, Samin Nair, Jacques Kane, Isabelle Boni-Claverie and Raoul Peck will help us answer the aforementioned questions and classic and newly emerging notions of civilizing mission, Francophonie, Francosphere, postcolonialism, neocolonialism, Afropeanism and Afropolitanism. This course is conducted in French. It counts toward our Analytical Inquiring: Society and Culture. Prerequisite: FREN 2400. 

FREN 2503 La Satire (4 Credits)

This course is an introduction to satire in French and Francophone literature. A classical literary technique of denunciation, satire has been recently adopted and adapted in popular televised shows (Les Guignols de l’info in France, Kouthia Show in Senegal, SNL in the US) to recapture important sociopolitical events throughout the world. In our selection of literary texts, films, and sketches such as Alioune Badara Bèye’s Les Larmes de la patrie, Moussa Absa Sène’s Tableau Ferraille and Dieudonné’s Le Président africain, we will analyze why and how authors make use of satire to denounce the most prevailing problems faced by French and Francophone societies at given times of their historical trajectories. Prerequisite: FREN 2400 or equivalent. 

FREN 2504 La Culture au Cinema (4 Credits)

We will read and interpret contemporary French feature films and other related journalistic or literary texts. We will analyze the ways in which the directors/authors of such films/texts understand and represent a certain notion of "French" culture, in general, and its diverse and varied expressions, in particular. This course counts toward the Analytical Inquiry: Society and Culture requirement. Prerequisites: FREN 2400, 2500 or any FREN 26XX course.